The Differences Between Male And Female Cats

Male and female cats are notably different and in the same time, quite similar to one another regardless of their gender differences. A feline’s physical appearance, mood, overall temperament, lifespan and personality are as unique as the cat itself.

The most obvious difference between male and female cats is their gender. They are poles apart in terms of reproductive organs and obviously, females can get pregnant and can reproduce by bearing a litter of kittens.

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There is no ultimate answer to the question if male cats are better pets than female ones and vice versa. Each feline furball is one of a kind. Whether your cat is affectionate, loyal, aggressive, territorial, playful or cooped up, it’s a matter of personality and not gender.

However, there are some common differences between the two genders when it comes to cats. Before we delve into them, you should know that there are always exceptions and not all felines follow these rules.

Common differences between male and female cats

When it comes to cats, the two genders differentiate from one another in various aspects. Being spayed or neutered severely affects each gender. Moreover, the cat’s breed also plays a significant role in its appearance and character.

Vocalization and level of affection are among the most notable differences, but as we said, each kitty is unique on its own and not all cats follow these loose rules.


Female cats by default are more orientated towards caring for kittens. As such, their main focus isn’t on themselves and their pet parents, but on continuing the family and reproducing, as well as providing security and safety for the newborn or upcoming kittens.

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Having this in mind, male cats may appear as more loyal, affectionate and amiable towards their owners. In comparison to the inborn maternal instincts and the idea of reproduction of their female counterparts, male cats can focus solely on pleasing their pet parents. Thus, they may appear to be more loving and attending when it comes to their owners.

Neutering/ spaying VS leaving the cat intact

Spayed female cats have a tendency of being calmer and more affectionate compared to their intact counterparts. They don’t go into heat and they can focus entirely on their bond with their owner.

On the other hand, neutered male tomcats are less territorial and protective of their homes and pet parents. In a sense, they won’t feel as protective of their surroundings. Regardless of this, feline experts agree on one thing – the behavioral changes in neutered male cats are much more prominent than the ones in spayed female cats.

Heat period changes

Among the most distinctive female-male cat differences are the various behaviorisms of the two genders when they are in heat.

Male cats get extremely aggressive and are ready to bite, scratch, hiss, fight and mark their territory vigorously. They are willing to pee on furniture and to make sure the entire world learns who’s the boss in the area.

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When female cats are in heat, they get notoriously vocal. Some feline breeds, such as the Oriental Shorthair are vocal by nature. But even the quietest female kitty out there can start meowing, yowling and wailing to a point when it becomes unbearable.

In terms of similarities during the heat period, both genders can be perceived as restless, to say the least.

Territorial behavior

It’s a well-known fact that male cats are significantly disparate compared to females in their territorial behavior. Even when not in heat, the male tomcat will mark its territory and will defend its home and the surrounding area unconditionally.

Females are far more prone to sharing their home and surroundings, as well as the human beings residing in that area with other felines. Of course, not all females are so easygoing when it comes to protecting what they perceive as theirs. As such, it’s possible for a female to mark its area and to defend it from other animals or people.

Nevertheless, it is possible even for a male to not be territorial, especially if you happen to be the proud owner of an American Shorthair cat or another notoriously laid-back, tolerant and friendly feline breed.


One of the differences between male and female cats is that females have a tendency to live a couple of years longer than male kitties.

Feline lifespan isn’t determined by the cat’s gender, but rather by the breed. Some breeds, like the Siamese, can reach around 20 years of age. Others, such as the Abyssinian, live between 9 and 14 years.

The gender doesn’t play such a big role in feline lifespan. The cat’s surroundings, its healthcare, genetic diseases or the lack of such, its overall mood, the type of cat food it’s eating, and tons of similar factors, which aren’t closely related to its breed or gender, can determine the longevity.

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Apart from the different genital organs, the most obvious difference between the two genders is their size. Male cats tend to be bigger and to weigh a few pounds more than their female counterparts.

However, the size also depends on the type of nutrition the cat is getting from its food, as well as the inherited genetic structure it has. Thus, a female can be larger than a male individual from the same breed and age.

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Don’t ever build prejudice towards a specific feline gender. Focus on the cat’s breed specifics and on the individual kitty’s temperament. When purchasing or adopting a feline furball, always put its temperament, personality and healthcare as a priority before its gender.

Every cat out there is unique on its own similar to us, human beings. Don’t ever neglect your kitty’s needs, happiness, physical health and wellbeing. As long as you devote your time, efforts and love to your feline pal, he or she will cherish you for the rest of its lifetime, regardless of the gender you choose. After all, each feline out there deserves to receive some love and affection despite its breed, gender or age.

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